Road transport contributes about one-fifth of the EU's total emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas. Transport is the only major sector in the EU where greenhouse gas emissions are still rising. While these emissions fell by 3.3% in 2012, they are still 20.5% higher than in 1990.
94% of the transport greenhouse gas emissions are caused by road transport. Of this 27 % of them where from trucks, buses and lorries and 73% from cars and vans. Despite some improvements in fuel consumption efficiency in recent years, these emissions are still rising, mainly due to increasing road freight traffic.
The Commission is working on a comprehensive strategy to reduce CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles in both freight and passenger transport. EU legislation requires the greenhouse gas intensity of vehicle fuels to be cut by up to 10% by 2020.
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