With lifestyle changes and rapid economic growth in China, the CO2 emissions in China have increased rapidly. The CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion (energy-related emissions) and cement production (process-related emissions) in China rose steadily and slowly in the pre-WTO era (1980–2002). These emissions increased from 1,467 to 3,694 million tonnes during this period1, a rate of 8% per year.
The annually averaged emissions rate increase from 2002 to 2007 reached 13%. This expansion led China to become the world’s top energy consumer and CO2 emitter2. Now, the human-induced CO2 emissions in China account for approximately 30% of global emissions.
China is playing an important role in global emissions reduction and climate change mitigation. The Chinese government has promised that its CO2 emissions will peak by 20304 and that it will achieve a 60%-65% reduction in its emission intensity (per GDP CO2 emissions) by 2030 compared with its 2005 level.
In 1980 European Union countries, which had yet to form, made up 30 percent of carbon dioxide emissions. Now EU countries make up roughly 5 percent of global emissions. The United States and India have seen much smaller rises and dip in the share that each country contributes to global carbon dioxide emissions.
Image source: https://www.statista.com/chart/16353/carbon-dioxide-china/
Image license: CC-BY-ND