A study released by the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) and the international nonprofit GRAIN, found that the world’s top five meat and dairy producers combined-Brazil’s JBS, New Zealand’s Fonterra, Dairy Farmers of America, Tyson Foods, and Cargill-emit more greenhouse gases than Exxon-Mobil, Shell, or BP.
The report bases its calculations on a method of accounting that includes the entire supply chain. A full account of emissions from meat and dairy should also include energy used in manufacturing fertilizer and growing the animals’ feed. These supply-chain emissions can account for 80 to 90 percent of the total energy it takes to put a bottle of milk on the shelf.
According to the report, half of the top 35 meat and dairy companies don’t publicly release any emissions numbers, and the ones that do are all over the place. JBS, the largest livestock producer in the world, claims its calculations include the entire supply chain. But when the researchers checked the company’s numbers against a system established by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UNFAO), they found that JBS’s estimates came in at just 3 percent of the independent evaluation.
Cargill and Tyson don’t include supply-chain emissions in their public reporting or reduction targets, and just six of the top 35 meat and dairy companies have publicly announced plans to reduce emissions along the supply chain.
Image source: https://www.statista.com/chart/14880/the-top-5-agri-food-companies-emit-more-than-shell/
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