Alimony also called aliment, maintenance, spousal support, and spouse maintenance is a legal obligation on a person to provide financial support to their spouse before or after marital separation or divorce. The obligation arises from the divorce law or family law of each country. It was a rule of sustenance to assure the wife's lodging, food, clothing, and other necessities after divorce.
More than 580,000 Americans pay alimony every year. This number is down from previous years when the number was as high as 650,000. only 3% of those who received alimony in 2010 were men. More than 13 billion dollars is paid in alimony per year. That is up 0.5% from a decade before.
There are four types of alimony:
1)Temporary alimony: Support ordered when the parties are separated prior to the divorce. Also called alimony pendente lite, which is Latin, meaning, "pending the suit".
2)Rehabilitative alimony: Support given to a lesser-earning spouse for a period of time necessary to acquire work outside the home and become self-sufficient.
3)Permanent alimony: Support paid to the lesser-earning spouse until the death of the payor, the death of the recipient, or the remarriage of the recipient.
4)Reimbursement alimony: Support given as a reimbursement for expenses incurred by a spouse during the marriage.
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