According to the latest Arctic Report Card released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the populations of reindeer and caribou in the Arctic have fallen from nearly five million to just 2.1 million animals. It is a decline of 56 percent since the mid-1990s. That’s a drop from an estimated 4.7 million animals to 2.1 million, a loss of 2.6 million.
The drastic decline is due to a complex mix of factors such as hunting, disease, a lack of food and climate change. With climate change, the Arctic would become a more favorable environment for these grazing animals. The warmer summers mean more vegetation for them to nosh on. And according to the Arctic Report Card, the Arctic did grow greener between 1982 and 2017.
There are notable differences between Reindeer and caribou are the same species, and they are same species. WWF, the international wildlife conservation nonprofit, released its biennial Living Planet Report, in October. It is a global assessment of the health of animal populations all over the world. The topline finding is that the average vertebrate birds, fish, mammals, amphibians population has declined 60 percent since 1970. But most populations of animals, like particular herds, or schools of fish, have seen declining numbers.
Image source: https://www.statista.com/chart/16388/estimated-number-of-tundra-caribou-and-wild-reindeer/
Image license: CC-BY-ND